Keloid Scars: Symptoms, Causes, Treatments, and More

Written by Resurchify | Updated on: July 28, 2022

Keloid Scars: Symptoms, Causes, Treatments, and More

In this article, you will learn about Keloid Scars, their symptoms, causes, treatments, and more.

What are Keloid Scars? 

Keloids are abnormally smooth, elevated scar tissue overgrowths that appear after a skin injury. Scar tissue is developed over an injury to mend and protect it, but in rare circumstances, when the scar tissue grows too much, it forms a stiff hard growth called key lines.

Places where Keloids Forms 

Keloid formation can occur in areas where there is no obvious damage to the skin. They usually appear on the earlobes, shoulders, upper back, chest, face, and hands, although they can appear anywhere. Keloid affects both men and women equally, but it is more common in women who have pierced ears. Key lights are more common in persons under 30 years old, and 15 percent to 20% of people with darker skin, such as blacks, Asians, and Latinos, are more likely to develop them than other people. He prefers not to get cancerous or cause any significant health problems.

Keloids may have genetics, which implies that if one or both of your parents had key lights, you are more likely to have them as well. In terms of size and substance, mature scars differ from typical scars. Keloids are usually darker in colour than the surrounding skin.

Causes of Keloids 

  • After burns, insect bites, tattoos, or piercings, skin problems such as acne, chicken pox, or infections that produce scarring of the skin vaccination sites are the most common causes of keloid confirmation.
  • Patients with Afro Caribbean skin are 15 to 20 times more prone to developing keloid scars due to hormonal upsurges such as pregnancy, puberty, and endocrine disorders, and nearly half of the patients who attend my keloid management planning have a positive family history. Patients with Afro Caribbean skin are also 15 to 20 times more prone to developing keloid scars due to hormonal upsurges such as pregnancy, puberty, and endocrine disorders.
  • Hyperthyroidism, for example, raises the likelihood of acquiring scars, which is intriguing.
  • Uncontrolled hypertension has been known for over two decades to contribute to the severity of keloid scars. Furthermore, parts of the body that are subjected to higher tension or stress, such as the chest, shoulders, and Superpubic area, are more prone to producing killowen scars.


  • On a pink, crimson, or flesh-colored part of his gamediagnosis, a raised lumpy area of skin and an itchy patch of skin.
  • Symptoms of pain agent and can suffer from low self-esteem due to the unsightly appearance of these scars. Additionally, areas of the body that are subjected to more tension or stress, such as the chest, shoulders, and superpubic area, are more prone to developing keloid scars.


The doctor may wish to do a biopsy or perform a physical check of the keloid scar to rule out other problems. This entails collecting a small sample of skin tissue from this location and analyzing it for cancer cells. Keloids don't require medical attention, but if they continue to grow or if new symptoms appear, you should contact your doctor.

One of the hallmarks of diagnosing a keloid scar is the unpredictability of natural evolution. We frequently see in clinical practice that keloid scars can develop years after the original skin insult, and patients with keloid scars can develop particularly troublesome symptoms.

Difference between Hypertrophic and Keloid Scars 

Hypertrophic scars appear as raised red lumpy scars with dimensions that remain within the confines of the original injury. They usually resolve successfully through a process known as scar maturation, and they're very common in younger people who have had an injury such as burns.

Keloid scars, on the other hand, represent the extreme end of scar hypertrophy; they tend to have large dimensions, either vertically or horizontally, and their natural growth is fairly unpredictable, as they do not shrink properly over time and frequently require expert treatment.

How do Wounds Occur in our Body?

A wound is a break in the integrity of the skin or tissues that occurs when the integrity of any tissue is compromised. Examples of wounds include skin breaks, muscle tears, burns, and bone fractures. Good evening, as the following phases execute reface proliferate your face and remodelling or mitigation phase, then the iteration phase just indicates the formation of a scar. After an accident, a spot is characterized as an area of fibrous tissue that replaces normal skin.

Let's take a closer look at hypertrophic scars. Excessive scar tissue that does not spread beyond the original incision or lesion is known as a hypertrophic scar. Hypertrophic scars are more common across lines of skin tension, such as the lines of facial expression and from unfavorable scar sites. For example, hypertrophic scars are more common across the lines of skin tension, such as the lines of facial expression.

The aetiology of a keloid scar is unknown, but it is defined as excessive scar tissue that spreads beyond the borders of the initial incision. They are more common in certain areas of the body, one of which is a triangle whose points are the safest and are on each shoulder. If you draw a line connecting each shoulder tip at the surface Turner, you get an area that is more prone to develop keloid cut.

When hypertrophic and keloid scars are examined under the microscope, there will be excessive collagen and hypervascularity.

Treatment of both Hypertrophic and Keloid are almost same 

There is more type 3 collagen. now let's see about the treatment of hypertrophic and highlight Scots pressure in the form of local malls are elasticated garments can be given for hypertrophic and key lights cost silicone gel sheeting intralesional steroid injection this translator is injected into the lesion excision, and steroid injections excision and postoperative radiation with external beam or tacky therapy are the various modes of treatment for hypertrophic and highlight Scott's international excision can also be done in a case of keloid scar an important point to remember is hypertrophic scars improve spontaneously with time whereas key light scars do not improve with time usually they require one form of treatment 


It can be treated in a variety of methods. He prefers it if your doctor assists you in selecting the one that is most appropriate for you.

There are two distinct kinds of operations that can be offered to keloid patients, each with its own set of goals. The first set of interventions that can be extremely beneficial for keloid scars aims to replace the bulky keloid scar with a fine, symptom-free score. The best way to do this is to perform an extra lesional excision of the scar followed by half-postoperative radiotherapy. The second set of options tries to reduce the size of the existing scar and relieve the symptoms, and there are a variety of medications that can help.

Silicon Gel

Silicone gel is one of the most popular scar treatments, and it has been shown to help decrease some elevated and keloid scars. A silicone gel sheet is worn. Silicone gel has been one of the afflicted locations for months.

Steroid Injections

 hese injections help flatten the keloids and reduce inflammation. If you have a smaller keloid, your doctor may attempt injecting it with cortisone or other medicines to thin it out. Before the scar flattens, you'll probably need monthly injections for up to six months. Skin thinning, spider veins, and a permanent change in skin colour are all possible side effects of corticosteroid injections (hypopigmentation or hyperpigmentation).


 Keloids on the earlobe can be reduced greatly with the use of a specific hearing aid. These hearings are available and must be used correctly in order to achieve the desired outcome.


Cryotherapy involves using liquid nitrogen to freeze the keloid.

 This method helps in planning. The keloid tissue then dries out and forms a dark-colored scab. The scab will darken in colour over the next few weeks before gradually contracting and shrinking in size. The keloid will be less as the scab breaks off, though it may take two to three cryotherapy sessions to completely eradicate the keloid. The skin where the keloid was previously will seem pink and lack pigmentation, though this will fade with time. This procedure can be painful, especially in the first 1-2 hours following treatment. However, some discomfort may last for another 8-12 hours. Pain can be addressed with a local anaesthetic or simply medicines like acetaminophen, as pain tolerance differs from person to person.


Keloids can be removed using keloids surgery. Cutting the keyboard can result in the creation of a bigger keloid, which is harmful. Injecting steroids or applying compression to the wound site for several months, on the other hand, has been reported to be beneficial.


Some experts claim that using radiation to cure keloids is a safe and effective procedure. Low-level X-ray radiation can help reduce or decrease scar tissue after surgical excision of a keloid. It's possible that additional treatments will be required. Skin issues and, in the long run, cancer are possible side effects of radiation therapy.

Laser Treatment

Although laser treatment is expensive, it can be successful in reducing the appearance of keloids. Despite the fact that it is continuing, this treatment has been proved to be successful, safe, and painless, albeit it may require numerous treatment sessions.

Prevention of Keloid Scar

Is there anything I can do to avoid acquiring a keloid scar? This is by far one of the most common questions I receive at my scar management clinics. The first thing I encourage my patients to do is to assist me in identifying any precipitating factors that may contribute to scarring. For example, our 442 lines, which are inflammation around the hair follicles, are one of the most common questions I receive.

These conditions should be treated by a specialist as soon as possible. The second step is to try to avoid any preventable skin injury, such as tattoos or piercings, especially in people who are known to have a proclivity for developing keloid scars. If you've been in an accident or need surgery, please let us know.

Can my Scar Return or Become Worse After Surgery? 

Every operation that involves a skin incision can result in scarring; however, your qualified surgeon can take a number of steps to reduce the likelihood of unfavourable scarring, including precise planning and the location of wounds that respect the natural structure within the skin.

The world's closure with suitably chosen tension-relieving measures, as well as adequate aftercare, which includes addressing and supporting finances. If you have a particularly high risk of unfavourable scarring, you should consult a trained plastic surgeon who specialises in scar management.

Alternative Medicine

There are a lot of methods that are actually not proven to remove keloid scars naturally. Some clinical studies have found out that onion extract used orally or the skin might possibly be effective in improving the appearance of keloid scars that reduces itchiness and discomfort.

Potential future treatments

Research that into wound-healing issues includes keloid information that shows and promises, for example: 

  • Researchers are testing topical creams and injectables to inhibit and stop the growth of keloids.
  • Botulinum toxin type A (Botox) is used to help scars heal faster.
  • Genetic markers in keloid tissue identification
  • Stem cell therapy is a type of cell therapy that uses stem cells

Some Home Remedies and Lifestyle Tips

Start by looking at these keloid self-care ideas:

  1. Follow the procedure for treating your wound.
  2.  Compression dressings can be inconvenient, and wound care can be time-consuming. 
  3. Tend to understand your doctor's instructions as closely as possible, as these steps are crucial to avoiding keloid formation.
  4. Apply a corticosteroid lotion to the affected area. This type of over-the-counter lotion can help relieve itching.
  5. Apply silicone gel to the affected area. Itching can be relieved by using nonprescription silicone gel.
  6. Prevent re-injury to the area. 
  7. Clothing or other sorts of friction or irritation should not irritate the keloid.
  8. Sun protection is essential. The colour of your keloid may change as a result of exposure to the sun, making it more obvious. That shift could be irreversible.
  9.  Protect your skin by covering the keloid or using sunscreen liberally before going outside.

Appointment to Doctor

If you see a change in your skin that could signal a keloid is developing, or if you've had a keloid for a time and wish to seek treatment, call your doctor. Your doctor may send you to a dermatologist who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of skin issues after your initial appointment (dermatologist).

If at all feasible, have a trustworthy family member or friend accompany you to your appointment. Someone close to you may be able to provide more knowledge on your condition and assist you in understanding what was said during your appointment.

How Long do Keloid Scars Take to Appear

One of the hallmarks of diagnosing a keloid scar is its unpredictable natural evolution. As we have seen in clinical practice, keloid scars can develop even years after the original insult to the skin. Patients with keloid scars can develop particularly troublesome symptoms of pain and can suffer from very low self-esteem due to the unsightly appearance of these scars. Additionally, areas of the body that are subject to more tension or stress. 

Home Remedies for Keloid Scars

Keloids are abnormal tissue clusters or markings that appear on your skin. They can be any size and form. Some people have keloids the size of golf balls on their faces. You must address them, even if they are minor, and have them eliminated. Keloids usually appear as a result of an injury. You're more prone to have a keloid if you have a serious injury. These, on the other hand, erupt after a few years and steadily develop in size. It's frequently mistaken for a tumour, and removing it might be tough over time. As a result, you must act sooner rather than later. If you have a huge keloid, talk to a dermatologist about the best way to get rid of it safely. If you have a mild keloid, you can treat it using natural remedies at home.

We offer some home treatments for keloids scar therapy if you're looking for a simple way to eliminate keloids at home. Take a look at these.

Aloe Vera Gel

Aloe vera gel is a type of aloe vera that can also be used to cure keloids. Aloe vera is a one-stop shop for all of your skincare problems. Here's how:

  • Cleanse the skin with lukewarm water first.
  • Apply aloe vera gel made from fresh aloe vera leaves now.
  • Allow at least 30-35 minutes for it to cool.

It is recommended that you keep this overnight for the best results. Aloe vera's antiseptic and antibacterial characteristics aid in the healing of keloids wounds.


Garlic is another effective and easy technique to get rid of keloids.

  • 2 garlic cloves, ground into a fine paste
  • Apply it on the keloids and leave it on for 15-20 minutes.

You can also use garlic oil as an alternative. It is both simple to use and effective. This medication can be used up to three times per day.


Honey is a versatile home remedy that comes to our rescue for a variety of skincare issues. Honey can also be used to treat keloids since it stops dead skin cells from accumulating on them, stopping them from growing. It has the ability to improve blood circulation and eliminate keloids. You can massage the keloids for a time by putting fresh honey to them on a daily basis. After that, you should leave it for an hour before cleaning it with water. You can do this at any time of day or night.

Paste of Sandalwood and Rosewater

Sandalwood and rose water have anti-inflammatory qualities that can aid in the treatment of keloids. The mixture has the ability to rejuvenate the skin. Apply this paste on keloids every night before going to bed and keep it on overnight. If you do this every night, you will soon be free of keloids.

Apple Seed Vinegar

Apple Cider Vinegar is a vinegar made from Apple seeds. Apple Seed Vinegar might assist you in getting rid of keloids.

  • Combine equal parts apple cider vinegar and water in a mixing bowl.
  • Apply this combination to the keloids with a cotton or cotton wool ball and leave for 30 minutes.

You can do this once or twice a day to observe your keloids go away, leaving soft skin behind.

Frequently Asked Questions

Do Keloid Scars Fade Over Time?

Keloid scars, which are thick and uneven in appearance, rarely fade on their own. According to the American Academy of Dermatology Association, keloids can be difficult to treat, which is why physicians stress the significance of avoiding them from growing in the first place (AAD).

What Is The Best Way To Get Rid Of Keloid Scars?

Treatment for keloids

  • Shots of corticosteroids The medicine in these shots aids in scar reduction.
  • The scar is frozen. Cryotherapy is a treatment that can be used to reduce the hardness and size of a keloid.
  • Covering the scar with silicone sheets or gel.
  • Surgical removal, laser therapy, and pressure treatment are all options.

What Causes Keloid Scars?

Collagen, a protein prevalent throughout the body, aids wound healing, but keloids can develop if the body generates too much of it. Any type of skin damage, including an insect bite, acne, an injection, a body piercing, burns, hair removal, and even minor scrapes and bumps, can cause keloid formation.

Are Keloids Irreversible?

Keloids are very difficult to remove. They tend to recur even after they've been successfully eliminated. For long-term benefits, most dermatologists prescribe a mix of treatments.


This article concludes that keloids may be permanent or harmful, so you need to cure them at home as well, or you can take medication, but if it gets severe around six months, you need to go to a doctor for further details. 




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