1) Stephen Hawking
Stephen Hawking was born in 1942 and obtained a scholarship to study physics and chemistry at Oxford University when he was 17 years old. In 1962, he received his bachelor's degree and then went on to Cambridge to study cosmology. Hawking is arguably best recognized for his groundbreaking theories on black holes and his best-selling book A Brief History of Time, which was published in 1988.
2) Andrew Wiles
Andrew Wiles was born in 1953 in Cambridge. He is a multi-award-winning English mathematician best known for formally proving Fermat's Last Theorem in 1995. Wiles graduated from Oxford with a bachelor's degree in mathematics in 1974 and a PhD from Cambridge in 1980. He has taught at Princeton and Harvard and has received the renowned Guggenheim Fellowship. The mathematician is a Royal Society research professor at Oxford right now.
3) Edward Witten
Edward Witten is a physicist who has contributed significantly to string theory, M-theory, quantum gravity, and supersymmetry. Witten, who was born in Baltimore in 1951, majored in history at Brandeis University in Massachusetts, where he received his bachelor's degree in 1971. After completing a master's degree at Princeton, he went on to acquire a PhD in physics five years later. Witten has been dubbed "the world's greatest living theoretical physicist" and "the most brilliant scientist of his generation."
4) Ruth Lawrence
Mathematician and former child prodigy from the United Kingdom, she was born in 1971. Ruth Lawrence made news in 1985 when, at the age of 13, she graduated from Oxford University with a first-class degree in mathematics. In 1986, she earned a second degree in physics, and in 1989, she earned her D.Phil. in mathematics from Oxford once more. She was named a Harvard junior fellow in 1990.
After a brief time at the University of Michigan, she was appointed as an associate professor in 1997. Lawrence is an associate professor of algebraic topology and knot theory at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem's Einstein Institute of Mathematics.
5) Saul Kripke
Saul Kripke, born in Long Island, New York, in 1940, is a prize logician and philosopher best known for his Kripke-Platek set theory, causal theory of reference, and "Kripkenstein" theory. He was also a young genius, having supposedly acquired Ancient Hebrew on his own by the age of six before quickly mastering complicated mathematical and philosophical topics.
In 1980, Kripke released his seminal work Naming and Necessity, which addresses proper nouns in the context of the philosophy of language. Kripke has also had a considerable impact on subjects such as mathematical logic, philosophy of mathematics, metaphysics, and epistemology.
6) Akshay Venkatesh
Akshay Venkatesh, a mathematician, and former child prodigy, was born in India in 1981. He was raised in Australia and showed promise from an early age, winning a bronze medal at the International Physics Olympiad when he was just 11 years old. He won the third position at the International Mathematical Olympiad a year later. Venkatesh earned a first-class honours degree in pure mathematics from the University of Western Australia in 1997 when he was the university's youngest student ever. He subsequently went on to earn his PhD from Princeton in 2002, when he was only 20 years old.
7) Shahriar Afshar
Shahriar Afshar, an Iranian American scientist and entrepreneur, born in 1971, has received numerous honours for his revolutionary inventions. Afshar is most known for his Afshar test, which he carried out at Harvard University in 2004. According to Afshar, the optical experiment analyses – and challenges – the quantum mechanical theory of complementarity.
8) Magnus Carlsen
Magnus Carlsen, who was born in Tonsberg, Norway, in 1990, is the current World Chess Champion. Garry Kasparov, chess legend, began directly instructing him in 2009, but the following year stated that they were no longer operating together. Carlsen became the world's youngest-ever number one player in 2010, about a month after his 19th birthday. In 2013, he overcame Indian grandmaster Viswanathan Anand to win the World Chess Championship.
9) Evangelos Katsioulis
Evangelos Katsioulis has an IQ of 198. He appears to have scored 205 on the Stanford-Binet scale with a standard deviation of 16, which is equivalent to 258 on the Cattell scale. Katsioulis, who was born in Ioannina in 1976, attended the Greece's Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, where he earned an M.Sc. in medical research and technology, a master's in philosophy, and a PhD in psychopharmacology. He founded the World Intelligence Network IQ organization in 2001. He is a member of 28 IQ societies, including the prestigious Giga Society. Only one in every 30 billion people has his level of intelligence.
10) Noam Chomsky
Chomsky, who was born in Philadelphia in 1928, entered the University of Pennsylvania when he was 16 years old. Noam Chomsky has been dubbed the "Father of Modern Linguistics," and his groundbreaking work has influenced fields ranging from artificial intelligence to music theory. In 1945, he earned his B.A., M.A., and PhD in linguistics there before leaving in 1955 to teach philosophy and linguistics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where he is now professor emeritus. A well-known cultural figure. He has written over 100 books and was awarded the "world's top public intellectual" in a 2005 poll.
11) Alan Guth
Alan Guth, born in New Brunswick, New Jersey, in 1947, was bright enough to skip a year of school and attend the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), where he obtained bachelor's, master's, and PhD degrees in physics. Guth began developing his concept of cosmic inflation as a junior scientist at Cornell in 1979. The hypothesis was then officially proposed by him in 1981, and it is now widely accepted by many scientists.
According to the idea, because of its tiny size, the cosmos was able to evenly disseminate itself prior to the Big Bang. This model also attempts to explain more clearly the conditions that resulted in the universe's very quick, exponential development.
12) Donald Knuth
Donald Knuth, born in Milwaukee in 1938, is a pioneering computer scientist and mathematician best known for his multi-volume book The Art of Computer Programming. He has been dubbed the "Father" of algorithmic analysis in appreciation of his pioneering contributions. Knuth is also well recognized for his popular free software typesetting system TeX, which was released in 1978 and is one of the world's most complicated typographic frameworks. Knuth received the inaugural Grace Murray Hopper Award in 1971.
13) Terence Tao
An Australian former prodigy born in Adelaide in 1975 wasted little time in flexing his educational talents. He could do elementary arithmetic when he was two years old. By the age of nine, he was taking college-level maths classes. And, at the age of 13, he became the youngest gold medalist in International Mathematical Olympiad history - a record that holds to this day. Tao received his master's degree in maths from Flinders University in 1992.
14) Garry Kasparov
Born in Baku, Azerbaijan, in 1963, he is possibly the most famous chess player of all time. At the age of seven, Kasparov enrolled in Baku's Young Pioneer Palace, and at the age of ten, he began training at the school of famed Soviet chess great Mikhail Botvinnik. Kasparov qualified as a grandmaster in 1980, and five years later, he became the world's youngest outright champion. He kept the championship title until 1993 and was the world's top-ranked player for three times as long as anybody else. In 1996, he memorably defeated the IBM computer Deep Blue, winning 4–2.
15) Steven Pinker
A Canadian expert in visual cognition and psycholinguistics was born in Montreal in 1954. His research spans popular science, experimental psychology, linguistics, and cognitive science, and he is currently a psychology professor at Harvard. Prior to this job, he was a professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology's brain and cognitive science department from 1982 to 2003. During his time at MIT, Pinker was appointed director of the university's cognitive neuroscience centre.
16) Ivan Ivec
Ivan Ivec, born in 1976, is a Croatian mathematician and IQ test specialist with an IQ of 174. He has a PhD in mathematics and works at Gimnazija A.G.Matosa High School in Samobor, Zagreb. Ivec's website is dedicated to Intelligence tests and outcomes, as well as his own tests span IQ ranges ranging from 120 to 190. He has also collaborated with another Croatian mathematician Mislav Predavec to develop such tests. .
17) Richard Rosner
Born in 1960, he has had a rather erratic career existence, having worked as a stripper, doorman, male model, and waiter in addition to writing for Jimmy Kimmel Live! and other TV shows. In 2000, he made an infamous appearance on Who Wants to Be a Millionaire? answering a question on capital city height inaccurately and subsequently sued the show, albeit unsuccessfully. Rosner came in second place in the World Genius Directory's 2013 Genius of the Year Awards; his IQ is listed at 192 on the site.
18) Manahel Thabet
Manahel Thabet, a Yemeni economist and scientist, became the youngest person to get a PhD in financial engineering magna cum laude in 2008. Thabet received his degree from the University of Illinois and has subsequently studied for a second PhD in quantum mathematics. In 2012, she developed a groundbreaking 350-page formula for calculating distance in space without the use of light. She also has an IQ greater than 168 and has received a Genius of the Year Award as well as a spot on the 2013 World Genius Directory's list.
19) Kim Ung-Yong
Prior to the withdrawal of the Highest IQ category from The Guinness Book of World Records in 1990, South Korean previous child prodigy Kim Ung-Yong made it to the list with a score of 210. Kim was born in Seoul in 1963 and could read Korean, Japanese, English, and German by the age of three.
20) Neil deGrasse Tyson
A very well known American astrophysicist and research associate at the American Museum of Natural History, as well as Frederick P. Rose Director of New York City's Hayden Planetarium. Tyson was born in 1958 and has always had an interest in astronomy. He received his bachelor's degree in physics from Harvard in 1980 and his master's degree in astronomy from the University of Texas in 1983. He subsequently attended Columbia University, where he earned his M.Phil. in astrophysics in 1989 and his PhD two years later.